By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of outdated English, quantity 1: Phonology used to be a landmark ebook that during the intervening years has no longer been passed in its intensity of scholarship and usability to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous ebook of Richard M. Hogg’s Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this entire work.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of outdated English reviews and in linguistic theory
- Takes complete good thing about the Dictionary of Old English venture at Toronto, and contains complete cross-references to the DOE data
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative thought and similar topics
- Provides fabric the most important for destiny study either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in historic sociolinguistics
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Extra info for A Grammar of Old English, 1st Edition
Sg. 14 8eby878ean ‘buy’, hry87 ‘back’ (2¥). The name-element E78- often shows simplification in BH, BH(N) preferring E8-, BH(I) preferring E7-, but BH(M) prefers the full form. Note also Beo 957, 980 E7-. 1 In these dialects, when 7, 8 or s7 stand before a back vowel, stressed or unstressed, a vowel is inserted between the consonant and the back vowel. 59–70 for full details and discussion, but it is likely that at least in some cases the vowel was diacritical and was inserted in order to indicate the palatal nature of the preceding consonant.
This may be a graphic convention particular to this inflexion or a restricted phonological change, see Campbell (1959: §735b). 5n6). 2 Thus EpGl has, excluding obvious errors, 19 ¥ 〈/〉, 11 initial, 4 medial, 2 final, and 8¥ 〈¨〉, 3 initial, 2 medial, 2 final. ErfGl 601 pdpcstil for EpGl /e/cstil ‘thistle’ must be a misinterpretation of the Ep–Erf archetype, probably written in the last quarter of the seventh century, see Pheifer (1974: §88). Similarly, there are four occurrences of 〈¨〉 in ErfGl (307, 456, 583, 997), which are unlikely to have been innovations by the German scribe.
In the present state of our knowledge the question is largely one of taste. 44 Syllables with secondary stress show a compromise between the behaviour of fully stressed and unstressed vowels. Long vowels are regularly reduced to short vowels and diphthongs are both lowered to ea (< io, eo) and reduced to a. Examples of the reduction of diphthongs are: s7iptearo, s7iptaran ‘pitch’ alongside teoru ‘tar’. 43. 1 Therefore in this work originally long vowels in secondary- or weak-stressed syllables will not be marked for length.