By John W. I. Lee
Professor Lee presents a social and cultural heritage of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got frequently been portrayed as a unmarried summary political neighborhood, this booklet finds that lifestyles within the military used to be often formed via a collection of smaller social groups: the formal unit supplier of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group'). It comprises complete remedy of the environmental stipulations of the march, ethnic and socio-economic family members among the warriors, gear and shipping, marching and camp behaviour, consuming and consuming, sanitation and treatment, and lots of different subject matters. It additionally accords specific realization to the non-combatants accompanying the warriors. It makes use of historic literary and archaeological facts, historical and smooth comparative fabric, and views from army sociology and sleek struggle experiences. This e-book is key examining for a person engaged on old Greek battle or on Xenophon's Anabasis.
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Additional resources for A Greek Army on the March: Soldiers and Survival in Xenophon's Anabasis
An. 1, Burstein (1976), Hansen and Nielsen (2004) 955–8. Burstein (1976) 40 estimates Heracleia’s citizen body at ca. 6,000 in the early fourth century bc; more than 9,000 Cyreans made it to Trapezus, and there were still 7,000 in ranks at Byzantium. 132 An. 3–7. An. 17–19. 134 An. 2. An. 31–2. The absence of villages near Heracleia is implied by An. 5. Diplomatic relations: An. 7. 137 For the Cyreans, all these people meant consistent and abundant supplies, another nice change from Anatolia. 139 There were as well gifts of wine, enough to get every soldier in the army drunk several times over, and herds of sheep and cattle to barbecue.
17–19. 134 An. 2. An. 31–2. The absence of villages near Heracleia is implied by An. 5. Diplomatic relations: An. 7. 137 For the Cyreans, all these people meant consistent and abundant supplies, another nice change from Anatolia. 139 There were as well gifts of wine, enough to get every soldier in the army drunk several times over, and herds of sheep and cattle to barbecue. 140 The coastal peoples were also eager to make a profit from the Cyreans. 142 Where gifts or markets were absent or insufficient, the Cyreans fed off the countryside.
27–9. 145 An. 5–7. An. 1–2. 148 The bloody setback of Neon’s foragers near Calpe was not the only defeat the army suffered along the Black Sea coast. 149 It was not that they were any less skilled. 151 The Cyreans by the summer of 400 bc were probably the most versatile, battle-hardened fighting force in the Greek world, better even perhaps than the Spartans, whose real strength lay largely in hoplite warfare. The army on the Black Sea coast, though, did not always fight as a team. There were too many temptations to go after provisions or plunder alone, and on several occasions small raiding units came to bad ends when their intended prey turned about and bit back hard.