Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses by Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh

By Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh

This e-book will hide numerous issues to intricate how proteomics may possibly give a contribution in our realizing of mechanisms excited by pressure edition. the information being accrued via a variety of proteomics applied sciences may perhaps finally be used in breeding courses to reinforce tension tolerance. This e-book offers finished stories approximately responses of crop and livestock to environmental stresses. demanding situations on the topic of pressure phenotyping and integration of proteomics and different omics info have additionally been addressed. 

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Additional resources for Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses

Sample text

Abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity, heat, cold and flooding cause molecular, biochemical, physiological and morphological changes in crop plants. These changes can severely affect cellular integrity and in turn cause major impairment in plant growth and reproduction, greatly reducing biomass and grain yield [5]. Plants, being sessile organisms, physically cannot escape harsh environmental conditions, hence must employ mechanisms to alleviate the effects of stress. Abiotic stresses in plants usually result in largely similar physiological effects.

While most cereal proteomics studies dwell on the plants’ overall tolerance strategies, proteomics studies either specifically on roots or comparing root responses to the aerial plant parts under stress have been somewhat limited. Root proteins are relatively difficult to extract and characterize, hence the lag in the identification of stress-specific proteins and transcription factors in the roots. However, with the advancements in protein identification and quantification, several important mechanisms have been determined to be at play during abiotic stresses.

Enolase, aconitate hydratase, and glycine dehydrogenase are involved in glycolysis, Kreb’s cycle and photorespiration, respectively. Enhanced levels of these enzymes suggest that plants may need to produce higher energy to cope with low temperature stress. Additionally, increased level of adenylate kinase, which catalyzes the reversible interconversion of ADP to ATP and AMP, further strengthens the idea that plants produce high energy under cold stress [99]. Modification in PM compositions and functions is one of the most important adaptation mechanisms of plants to low temperature stress.

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