Algal Chemical Ecology by J. Alan Maschek, Bill J. Baker (auth.), Dr. Charles D.

By J. Alan Maschek, Bill J. Baker (auth.), Dr. Charles D. Amsler (eds.)

This is the 1st ever booklet committed fullyyt to the chemical ecology of algae. Algae from either marine and freshwater habitats are lined, as are macroalgae (seaweeds) and microalgae (including phytoplankton). whereas its major emphasis is at the ecological instead of chemical elements of the sphere, the publication additionally features a precise introductory bankruptcy meant as a primer on algal traditional items chemistry for ecologists. It elucidates the jobs of chemical defenses in numerous areas and habitats, of DMSP, oxidative burst responses, and herbivore offense. subject matters resembling algal sensory chemical ecology and defenses opposed to ultraviolet radiation also are handled, and an advent to the chemical ecology of phytoplankton is provided.

Focusing on contemporary advances and likewise on issues relatively important for undergraduate and graduate point classes, Algal Chemical Ecology is designed for study biologists operating within the box in addition to marine ecologists and algal biologists looking an introductory guide.

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Baker almost all brown algal orders. There is specificity within genera as seen with the fucols in Fucus and eckols in Eckonia. Phlorotannins are easily quantifiable by common colorimetric techniques (Ragan and Glombitzka 1986; Targett and Arnold 1998; Amsler and Fairhead 2006) and have been proposed to play ecological roles in wound healing, herbivore deterrence, microbial infection, metal ion chelation, and UV protection, as well as having antialgal and antifungal activities (Sieburth and Conover 1965; Ragan and Glombitzka 1986; Lau and Quian 1997; Pavia et al.

Thus marine communities that have evolved over billions of years can change suddenly, literally from the bottom up, through changes in the benthic flora. The tropical regions are considered to be limited to the north and south by the 20°C-winter isotherm (February isotherm in the Northern Hemisphere, August isotherm in the Southern Hemisphere) (Lüning 1990). Sea surface temperatures may warm up to 30°C in the central areas and to 25°C in the marginal areas of the tropical range. , Briggs 1974): (1) eastern Atlantic tropical region, (2) western Atlantic tropical region, (3) Indo-West Pacific tropical region, and (4) eastern Pacific tropical region.

A few halogenated compounds occur in three genera (Avrainvillea, Cymopolia, and Neomeris) and others such as brominated sesquiterpenes, prenylquinones, and aromatic compounds are also found in green macroalgae (Harper et al. 2001; Blunt et al. 2007 and previous reviews; see Chap. 1). The division Phaeophyta or brown algae occur almost exclusively in marine environments ranging from polar to tropical regions; in tropical areas, a few brown algal species can produce substantial biomass. The most common brown algal secondary metabolites found in tropical Phaeophyta (mainly from species belonging to the order Dictyotales) are terpenoids, acetogenins, and terpenoid-aromatic compounds of mixed biosynthetic origin (Blunt et al.

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