An Archaeology of Interaction: Network Perspectives on by Carl Knappett

By Carl Knappett

Think about a memento from a overseas journey, or an heirloom handed down the generations - designated person artefacts let us imagine and act past the proximate, throughout either area and time. whereas this makes anecdotal experience, what does scholarship need to say concerning the function of artefacts in human inspiration? unusually, fabric tradition study has a tendency additionally to target person artefacts. yet items hardly ever stand independently from each other they're interconnected in advanced constellations. This leading edge quantity asserts that it truly is such 'networks of gadgets' that instill items with their energy, allowing them to rouse far-off occasions and areas for either contributors and communities.

Using archaeological case stories from the Bronze Age of Greece all through, Knappett develops a long term, archaeological perspective at the improvement of item networks in human societies. He explores the advantages such networks create for human interplay throughout scales, and the demanding situations confronted by means of historic societies in balancing those advantages opposed to their expenses. In objectifying and controlling artefacts in networks, human groups can lose song of the recalcitrant pull that artefacts workout. fabrics don't continuously do as they're requested. We by no means absolutely comprehend all their facets. This we take hold of in our daily, subconscious operating within the extraordinary international, yet put out of your mind in our community considering. And this failure to take care of issues and provides them their due may end up in societal 'disorientation'.

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And Alexander's admiration may not have been unqualified. He certainly rewarded Porus with a great expansion of territory, but the lands Porus acquired were almost exclusively lands he had attacked in the past or whose rulers were hostile to him. These were likely to resent his domination and prevent him enjoying a united, powerful empire. In fact Porus' sway and its unpopularity may have been the best guarantee Alexander had of keeping his conquests. 54 The facts of the battle of the Hydaspes belie the propaganda.

In the face of this dilemma the standard reaction has been to adopt some variant of Arrian's second principle of selection, the explanation of his choice of Ptolemy as his primary source: he was not merely a participant but a king, and 'it would have been more disgraceful for him to lie than for anybody else'. Arrian does not go so far as to claim that there were no lies in Ptolemy (and he is occasionally uncomfortable with what he reports),8 but he certainly implies that Ptolemy's account was the most truthful.

5. 17. 2: 'they were dashed back towards the elephants, who served, as it were, as a friendly, fortification'. The situation, and the language, is reminiscent of Thucydides' description of the Athenians at Syracuse (Thuc. 7. 6. 3). Other sources describe the Indian line as the equivalent of a fortified city wall, the infantry representing the curtain wall and the elephants the towers (Diod. 17. 87. 5; Curt. 8. 14. 13; Polyaen. 4. 3. 22), but Arrian has developed the imagery, and deliberately superimposed a Thucydidean echo.

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