By Gary McMahon
"Mining exploration funding within the Latin American and Caribbean area has elevated one hundred thirty percentage within the final 5 years, a determine which raises to 500 percentage, if Chile is excluded." Governments have remodeled mining laws to allow inner most funding whereas changing into extra delicate to environmental elements. In gentle of this laws, this file examines the environmental results of artisanal, small, and medium mines in 3 Latin American international locations: Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. 4 of an important parts to be thought of are: • The age of the mine • administration of tailings • The heterogeneity of the artisanal and small mine sectors • The expanding have to take cultural concerns under consideration within the selection making method. The paper comprises result of the experiences at the quite a few mining sectors, process and coverage suggestions, and nation examine summaries.
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Additional resources for An environmental study of artisanal, small, and medium mining in Bolivia, Chile, and Peru, Volumes 23-429
The most important environmental problems in the ASM sector are mercury disposal, direct dumping of tailings and effluents into rivers, improperly constructed tailings dams, acid rock drainage arising from the tailings dams or open galleries and the related problem of improper closure, river damage in alluvial areas, and erosion damage at the edge of highland areas. Sitting on top of all these problems is the great difficulty in monitoring and enforcing environmental violations due to a lack of resources and the widely scattered and inaccessible nature of the sector.
Please contact the Copyright Clearance Center before photocopying items. For permission to reprint individual articles or chapters, please fax your request with complete information to the Republication Department, Copyright Clearance Center, fax 978-750-4470. All other queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the World Bank at the address above or faxed to 202-522-2422. ISSN: 0253-7494 Gary McMahon is a consultant with the Industry and Mining division of the World Bank's Industry and Energy Department.
Page 15 4 A Strategy for Artisanal, Small, and Medium Mining in Bolivia, Chile and Peru The goal of this strategy is to improve the environmental performance of artisanal, small and medium mining in the three countries of the study as well as other countries in Latin America confronting similar problems and situations. The strategy is centered on four of the most important characteristics of the situation as revealed in the study: (a) The distinction of mines by size is not as important as age, at least with respect to medium and large mines.