Anatomical Terms and their Derivation by F. Peter Lisowski

By F. Peter Lisowski

Anatomical phrases are the vocabulary of medication. Anatomy all started as a descriptive technological know-how within the days while Latin was once the common medical language. Early anatomists defined the buildings they observed in that language, evaluating them to universal and conventional items, or borrowing phrases from the Greek and Arabic masters sooner than them. In anatomic terminology, universal Latin or Greek phrases are used as such for any a part of the physique for which the ancients had a reputation. for plenty of different buildings, clinical names were invented both by utilizing convinced classical phrases which seem to be descriptive of the half involved, or in most cases, by means of combining Greek or Latin roots to shape a brand new compound time period. Memorization of such phrases with out realizing their which means may end up in psychological indigestion.

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Sternum. Subcostal. Supracostal. Sympathetic. Synapse. Syncytium. Syndrome. Systole. L. sinus, curve, cavity, bosom. L. sinus, curve, cavity, + eidos, shape, likeness. L. situs, site, position, + inversus, inverted, + viscerum, of the viscera. G. soma (pl. somata), body. G. soma, body, + pleura, side. G. soma, body, + suffix -ite, indicating origin. G. sphingein, to bind tight. G. splanchna, viscera. G. stenosis, narrowing. G. sternon, chest. L. sub, under, + costa, rib. L. supra, above, + costa, rib.

Acromion. Adductor. Anconeus. Angle. Annulus. Ansa. Antebrachium. Anteflexion. Anteversion. Appendicular. Axilla. L. ab, away, + ducere, to lead. L. accessorius, supplementary. G. akron, height, extremity, + omos, shoulder. L. ad, to, + ducere, to lead. G. agkon, elbow. L. angulus, angle. L. anulus (annulus), a ring. L. ansa, handle. L. ante, before, + brachium, arm. L. ante, before, + flexere, to bend. L. ante, before, + versio, turning. adjectival form of appendix. L. axilla, armpit. Basilic.

Ramus, branch, + facere, to make. L. ramus, branch. G. raphe, seam. L. recessus, retreat. L. rectus, straight. L. renes, kidneys. L. restis, rope, + forma, shape, form. Sac. Sacculus. Salpinx. Sarcolemma. Scoliosis. Scrotum. Semen. Semilunar. Seminiferous. Septum. Serum. Sigmoid. L. saccus, sack. L. sacculus, a little bag. G. salpinx, trumpet. G. sarx, flesh, + lemma, husk, skin. G. skoliosis, curvature. L. scrotum, skin. L. semen, seed. L. semi, half, + luna, moon. L. semen, seed, + ferre, to bear.

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