By Francesco Faletra, Natesa Pandian, Siew Yen Ho
New MSCT machines produce a quantity info set with the top isotropic spatial answer ever visible, delivering fabulous 3D photos of the full middle and vessels.
The texts presently to be had on cardiac CT imaging as a rule specialize in visualizing pathological elements of coronary arteries. Anatomy of the center by way of Multislice Computed Tomography is the 1st textual content to bridge the space among classical anatomy textbooks and CT textbooks, providing a side-by-side comparability of ‘electronic’ dissection made by way of CT scanning and ordinarily hand-made anatomical dissection.
Focusing at the basics in addition to the main points of cardiac anatomy in a medical atmosphere utilizing MSCT, this can be a useful reference for cardiac imaging trainees, cardiologists, radiologists, interventionists and electrophysiologists, offering a greater figuring out of the cardiac constructions, coronary arteries and veins anatomy and their three-d spatial relationships.
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Extra resources for Anatomy of the Heart by Multislice Computed Tomography
According to the Laplace law: stress pressure radius/twice the wall thickness. indd 48 the right ventricle, which is comprised entirely of muscle. The septal portion of the left ventricular outflow tract, although primarily muscular, also includes the membranous portion of the ventricular septum (see Chapter 7). The posterior quadrant of the outflow tract consists of an extensive fibrous curtain that extends from the fibrous skeleton of the heart across the aortic leaflet of the mitral valve (Fig.
The radius of curvature of anterior wall (R) is greater than that of the apical wall (R1). According to the Laplace law, the small radius of curvature reduces the stress at the apex. 26 Short-axis view in diastole (a) and in systole (b) (see text and Video clip 6, Short axis ). LV left function ventricle. 27 Long-axis view in diastole (a) and in systole (b) (see text and Video clip 7, Long axis function Ao aorta; LA left atrium; LV left ventricle. 28 The left ventricular wall has three major orientations of myoﬁbers.
21). The endocardial surface is irregular relative to the epicardial surface because of the two groups of papillary muscles and trabeculations (Fig. 22). Sections parallel to the ventricular long axis reveal an ellipsoid geometry. There are important variations in wall thickness, caused mainly by variation in the amount of circumferentially oriented mid-wall fibers (Fig. 23). Stress develops when pressure is applied to a cross-sectional area. According to the Laplace law, wall stress in the left ventricle is determined by the intracavitary pressure radius of curvature/ twice the wall thickness (Fig.